Preliminary Research on Longtail Shad Food in Bengkalis Riau Waters

Thamrin Thamrin


Longtail Shad are endemic in the waters of Riau and especially in the waters of Bengkalis Regency and have omnivore characteristics, namely eating plants and also from groups of animals. The purpose of this study is whether fish is the best in choosing food depending on the type of food or not. This study uses a survey method, which was conducted in Bengkalis waters from May to June 2019. In this study, it was shown that fish is the best in choosing food depending on the type of food available (selective), so that if the type of animal, in this case, is crustacean and crab. There are a lot of small crabs, then the worst fish eat the group of crustaceans and small crabs. However, if what is available is only from the algae group, the best fish will only eat from the algae group. So that in the stomach of the Longtail Shad are not found both types of food at once


Longtail Shad, omnivore, crustaceans, algae group

Full Text:



Arula T, J Kotta, A Lankov, M Simm & S Põlme. 2012. Diet composition and feeding activity of larval spring-spawning herring: the importance of environmental variability. Journal of Sea Research 68: 33-40.

Arrhenius F. 1996. Diet composition and food selectivity of 0-group herring (Clupea harengus L.) and sprat (Sprattus sprattus (L.) in the northern Baltic Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 53: 701–712.

Bubun, R. L., D. Simbolon, T. W. Nurani & S.H. Wisudo, 2014. Tropik level pada daerah penangkapan ikan yang menggunakan light fishing di Perairan Sulawesi Tenggara. Marine Fisheries, 5(1): 58–66.

Director of Marine Biodiversity and Conservation. 2016. National Action Plan For The Best Fish Conservation. Period I: 2017-2021. Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, Directorate General of Marine Spatial Management, Directorate of Marine Biodiversity and Conservation. 68 p

Gerking, S. D. (1994). Feeding ecology of fish (pp. 3-385). California: Academic Press.

Lagler F.K. 1972. Freshwater Fishery Biology. USA: WM. C. Brown Company.

Kulbicki, M., Y. M. Bozec, Labrosse, Y. Letourneur, & G. Mou-Tham, (2005). Diet composition of carnivorous fishes from coral reef lagoons of New Caledonia. Aquatic Living Resources, 18(3): 231–250.

Lubis F., R. I. Adharini & E. Setyobudi 2019. Food Preference of Shortfin Scad (Decapterus macrosoma) at the Southern Waters of Gunungkidul Yogyakarta, Indonesia. JIPK. Volume 11 No 2. 19-28. Available online at

Morote E, MP Olivar, F Villate & I Uriarte. 2010. A comparison of anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) and sardine (Sardina pilchardus) larvae feeding in the Northwest Mediterranean: influence of prey availability and ontogeny. ICES Journal of Marine Science 67: 897-908.

Pauly, D., & R. Watson. 2005. Background and interpretation of the Marine Trophic Index as a measure of biodiversity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, 360: 415– 423.

Sato N.E., D. Hernández & M.D. Viñas. 2011. Feeding habits of Engraulis anchoita (Hubbs & Marini, 1935) larvae in coastal waters off Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research 39: 16-24.

Sjafei DS & Robiyani. 2001. Food Habits and Condition Factors of Curry Fish (Nemipterus tumbuloides blkr.) in Labuan Bay Waters, Banten. Indonesian Journal of Biology. 1(l): 7-1

Thamrin 2019. Penelitian Pendahuluan Bioekologi IkanTerubuk di Perairan Bengkalis, Riau. Dinamika Lingkungan Indonesia. Vol. 6, 2: 117-125

Thamrin., R. M. Putra, Nofrizal, R. Kurniawan & A. D. Syakti. 2022. The reproduction cycle of Longtailshad (tenuaosa macrura) in BengkalisbWaters, Indonesia. Journal of Animal, behavior, and Biometrologi.

Tudela S., I. Palomera & G. Quílez. 2002. Feeding of anchovy Engraulis encrasicolus larvae in the northwest Mediterranean. Journal of Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 82: 349-350.

Yañez-Rubio A., A. Llanos-Rivera, L.R. Castro, G. Claramunt & L. Herrera. 2011. Variations in type, width, volume, and carbon content of anchoveta Engraulis ringens food items during the early life stages. Journal of Marine Biological Association of United Kingdom 91: 1207-1213.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.